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Mus. 979-83

*** This is an INTERIM entry; further details will be posted at a later date. This partbook set is currently unavailable to readers on account of the fragility of the bindings. A programme of conservation is planned for the near future. ***

Manuscript and printed material, bound together. Five partbooks from a set originally of six (the Tenor partbook is missing), copied and formerly owned by John Baldwin, a singing-man at St George's Chapel, Windsor; English, c.1575-81, with later additions. This set is one of the most important surviving sources of Tudor church music and Elizabethan motets. It is also famous for Baldwin's fine penmanship, executed on sheets with printed staves. The set appears to have been conceived from the start as a mixed volume of manuscript and printed music, since Baldwin avoided making manuscript copies of the pieces available in the printed section. For a general discussion of the history and codicological structure of the set, see the article by Roger Bray listed in the Bibliography below. For a discussion of the printed music paper on which Baldwin copied the music, see the article by Fenlon & Milsom. For further sample images of pages from the set, see Mateer, pp. 148 and 154.

In the manuscript section, the volumes are unfoliated. Baldwin himself numbered the contents as '1-169'; the only inconsistencies occur in items 167-9, where different partbooks contain different pieces. In the inventory of manuscript contents below, column 2 shows Baldwin's own numberings; column 1 diverges from this in its numbering of the closing items, where a rationalized system is used. Baldwin's form of representing a composer's name often varies from partbook to partbook; in the inventory below, the version shown in column 3 (when displayed in the form of the MSS) reproduces his fullest and/or most modern variant, but excludes Baldwin's additional comments (which largely refer to composers' institutional affilitiations). Titles of works (when displayed in the form of the MSS) are derived from incipits as they appear in Mus. 979, except in pieces where the opening text-phrase is sung only by other voices, in which case the highest-sounding participating voice is followed.

The partbook titles (stamped on the upper covers) are as follows: Mus. 979: Superius; Mus. 980: Discantus; Mus. 981: Contratenor; Mus. 982: Sextapars; Mus. 983: Bassus. The Sextapars volume (Mus. 982) contains the following items: 120 (as an insert, written on parchment and pasted at the front of the volume), 62 ('Esurientes' section only), 68, 93-163, 167a (duo), and168a (duo).

Printed contents (bound at the rear of the partbooks):

Mus. 979-83
Byrd, William, 1542 or 3-1623 Grove DNB
Tallis, Thomas, ca. 1505-1585 Grove DNB
Cantiones, quae ab argumento sacrae vocantur, quinque et sex partium, autoribus Thoma Tallisio & Guilielmo Birdo Anglis, serenissimae Regineae Maiestati à privato sacello generosis, & organistis.
London: Excudebat Thomas Vautrollerius, 1575
RISM B/I 15753 Early Music Online; STC (2nd ed.), 23666 EEBO; ESTC S118138
Mus. 979: Superius; Mus. 980: Discantus; Mus. 981: Contra tenor; Mus. 982: Sexta pars; Mus. 983: Bassus.
Lacks: Tenor.

Manuscript contents (bound at the front of the partbooks):

Table of titles and composers in modern form. Display form found in manuscript.
The first column gives the modern numbering of the pieces; the second shows numbering used by the copyist(s).

1 1 John Sheppard Judica me, Deus
2 2 John Sheppard Beati omnes qui timent Dominum
3 3 John Sheppard Deus misereatur nostri
4 4 John Sheppard Confitebor tibi Domine
5 5 Robert Johnson (i) Domine in virtute tua
6 6 Philippe van Wilder Aspice Domine
7 7 John Sheppard Laudem dicite Deo nostro
8 8 William Byrd Domine Deus omnipotens
9 9 William Byrd O quam gloriosum est regnum
10 10 William Byrd Apparebit in finem
11 11 John Strabridge Dum transisset sabbatum
12 12 William Byrd Audivi vocem de caelo
13 13 William Byrd Levemus corda nostra
14 14 William Byrd Peccavi super numerum
15 15 William Byrd Memento Domine
16 16 William Byrd O Domine adiuva me
17 17 William Byrd Domine exaudi orationem meam
18 18 William Byrd Onmi tempore benedic Deum
19 19 William Byrd Ne perdas cum impiis
20 20 William Byrd Sacris solemniis juncta
21 21 Thomas Tallis Dum transisset sabbatum
22 22 John Taverner Dum transisset sabbatum [I]
23 23 John Taverner Dum transisset sabbatum [II]
24 24 John Sheppard Spiritus sanctus procedens [II]
25 25 John Sheppard Laudem dicite Deo nostro
26 26 John Taverner Te Deum laudamus
27 27 Christopher Tye Miserere mei Deus
28 28 Christian Hollander Dum transisset sabbatum
29 29 John Taverner and Christopher Tye O splendor gloriae
30 30 John Woode Exsurge Domine
31 31 William Byrd Vide Domine afflictionem nostram
32 32 John Mundy Aedes nostra sancta
33 33 Robert White Lamentations a5
34 34 William Byrd De lamentatione Jeremiae
35 35 William Byrd Exsurge Domine, quare obdormis?
36 36 William Byrd Benigne fac, Domine
37 37 William Byrd Circumdederunt me dolores mortis
38 38 William Mundy Beatus et sanctus
39 39 William Daman Confitebor tibi Domine
40 40 Thomas Tallis Laudate Dominum omnes gentes
41 41 Thomas Tallis De lamentatione Jeremiae
42 42 Thomas Tallis Incipit lamentatio Jeremiae
43 43 Alfonso Ferrabosco (i) De lamentatione Jeremiae
44 44 Robert White Regina caeli laetare
45 45 Patrick Douglas In convertendo Dominus
46 46 Thomas Tallis Salve intemerata virgo Maria
47 47 Robert Fayrfax Ave Dei patris filia
48 48 John Taverner Gaude plurimum
49 49 John Taverner Ave Dei patris filia
50 50 John Taverner Mater Christi sanctissima
51 51 John Taverner Christe Jesu pastor bone
52 52 Orlande de Lassus Ubi est Abel?
53 53 John Mundy In te Domine speravi
54 54 Robert Parsons O bone Jesu
55 55 Robert White Portio mea Domine
56 56 Robert Parsons Retribue servo tuo
57 57 William Mundy Beati immaculati in via
58 58 William Byrd Domine praestolamur
59 59 William Byrd Ne irascaris Domine
60 60 William Byrd Tribulationes civitatum
61 61 William Byrd Aspice Domine de sede sancta tua
62 62 Thomas Tallis Evening service in latin: M/N
63 63 Robert White Manus tuae fecerunt me
64 64   Confitebor tibi Domine
65 65 William Mundy Adhesit pavimento
66 66 William Mundy Noli aemulare
67 67 Thomas Tallis Domine quis habitabit
68 68 William Byrd Cunctis diebus
69 69 William Byrd Tristitia et anxietas
70 70 William Byrd Reges Tharsis et insulae
71 71 Robert White Miserere mei Deus
72 72 William Mundy Memor esto verbi tui
73 73 William Mundy Sive vigilem
74 74 Robert Parsons Peccantem me quotidie
75 75 William Mundy Videte miraculum
76 76 Robert White Christe qui lux es [III]
77 77 William Mundy Veni creator spiritus
78 78 Robert White Christe qui lux es [II]
79 79 John Sheppard Aeterne rex altissime
80 80 John Sheppard Jesu salvator saeculi, Redemptis
81 81 John Sheppard Deus tuorum militum [I]
82 82 John Sheppard Christe redemptor omnium
83 83 John Sheppard Deus tuorum militum [II]
84 84 Thomas Tallis Quod chorus vatum
85 85 Thomas Tallis Iam Christus astra
86 86 Thomas Tallis Jesu salvator saeculi, Verbum
87 87 Thomas Tallis Salvator mundi Domine
88 88 William Mundy A solis ortus cardine
89 89 Robert Parsons Libera me Domine de morte
89a   William Byrd Canon 6 in one
90 90 John Sheppard Justi autem in perpetuum
91 91 John Sheppard Impetum fecerunt unanimes
92 92 John Sheppard Sancte Dei preciose
93 93 Thomas Tallis Homo quidam fecit cenam magnam
94 94 John Sheppard Non conturbetur cor vestrum [I]
95 95 John Sheppard Christi virgo dilectissima
96 96 John Sheppard Non conturbetur cor vestrum [II]
97 97 John Sheppard Reges Tharsis et insulae
98 98 John Sheppard Gaude, gaude, gaude Maria, virgo cunctas
99 99 John Redford Sint lumbi vesti praecincti
100 100 Robert White Ad te levavi oculos meos
101 101 Alfonso Ferrabosco (i) Da pacem Domine
102 102   Ecce nunc benedicite [I]
103 103   Ecce nunc benedicite [II]
104 104 William Daman Praedicabo laudes tuae
105 105 William Daman Omnis caro gramen sit
106 106 Thomas Tallis Loquebantur variis linguis
107 107 John Sheppard Beata nobis gaudia
108 108 John Sheppard Sacris solemniis juncta
109 109 John Sheppard A solis ortus cardine
110 110 John Sheppard Te Deum laudamus
111 111 John Sheppard Dum transisset sabbatum [I]
112 112 John Sheppard Iam Christus astra
113 113 John Sheppard Ave maris stella
114 114 John Sheppard Adesto sancta Trinitas [I]
115 115 John Sheppard Hostis Herodes impie
116 116 John Sheppard Martyr Dei qui unicum
117 117 John Sheppard Adesto sancta Trinitas [II]
118 118 John Sheppard Media vita in morte sumus
119 119 Thomas Tallis Gaude gloriosa Dei mater
120 120 Christopher Tye Peccavimus cum patribus nostris
121 121 Christopher Tye Quaesumus omnipotens
122 122 Christopher Tye Cantate Domino
123 123 Robert Whyte Deus misereatur nostri
124 124 Robert Whyte Domine quis habitabit [I]
125 125 William Mundy Adolescentulus sum ego
126 126 Robert Whyte Tota pulchra es
127 127 Robert Parsons Domine quis habitabit
128 128 William Mundy Domine quis habitabit
129 129 Robert Whyte Domine non est exaltatum
130 130 William Mundy Domine non est exaltatum
131 131 Robert Whyte Domine quis habitabit
132 132 Robert Parsons Credo quod redemptor meus vivit
133 133 John Taverner Mass 'Gloria tibi Trinitas'
134 134 Robert Whyte Domine quis habitabit [III]
135 135 William Mundy Eructavit cor meum
135a   William Byrd Cunctis diebus (Sexta pars of no. 68 below, in Mus. 980 only)
136 136 William Mundy Vox Patris caelestis
137 137 William Mundy Maria virgo sanctissima
138 138 William Byrd Infelix ego
139 139 William Byrd Deus in adiutorium
140 140 William Byrd Domine ante te
141 141 William Byrd O salutaris hostia
142 142 William Byrd Descendit de caelis
143 143 William Byrd Afflicti pro peccatis
144 144 John Sheppard Verbum caro factum est
145 145 John Sheppard Spiritus sanctus procedens [I]
146 146 John Sheppard Haec dies
147 147 Thomas Tallis Videte miraculum
148 148 Derrick Gerarde Sive vigilem
149 149 John Sheppard Filiae Jerusalem
150 150 John Sheppard Dum transisset sabbatum [II]
151 151 John Sheppard Salvator mundi Domine
152 152 John Sheppard Jesu salvator saeculi, Verbum
153 153 Robert Parsons Iam Christus astra
154 154 John Sheppard Libera nos, salva nos [I]
155 155 John Sheppard Libera nos, salva nos [II]
156 156 John Mundy Dum transisset sabbatum
157 157 William Byrd Fantasia a6 in F
158 158 Robert Parsons The song called trumpets
159 159 William Daman Beati omnes
160 160 John Taverner Quemadmodum
161 161 John Baldwin Redime me Domine
162 162 John Baldwin Pater noster
163 163 Hugh Aston and William Whytbroke Hugh Aston's Maske
164 164 John Baldwin Fancy a3
165 165 Elway Bevin Browning a3
166 166 Robert White Christe qui lux es [I]
167a 167 Robert Johnson (i) Laudes Deo (two voice-parts, in Mus. 982 only)
167b 167 John Mundy De lamentatione Jeremiae (Mus. 979-81, 983 only)
168a 168 John Taverner Ecce carissimi ... Ecce mater nostra (two voice-parts, Mus. 982 only)
168b 168 Robert White Lamentations a6 (Mus. 979-81, 983 only)
169   John Baldwin Cuckoo as I me walked (Mus. 980-981 only)

Oblong format, c. 205 x 150 mm. The music has been copied on sheets previously printed with black staves, of a type issued by Tallis and Byrd under the conditions of their 1575 royal patent; for details, see Fenlon & Milsom. Collation and watermarks: details will be posted at a later date. An index of contents was begun by Baldwin at the front of Mus. 983; it was subsequently completed by Havergal, and has since been annotated by other hands. Late 16th-century covers of brown leather over boards. Upper and lower covers: gold-tooled with fillets and small ornaments, enclosing a central ornamental panel flanked by the initials 'I. B.' (= John Baldwin), which itself is surmounted (upper covers only) by partbook names (as listed earlier). Stubs of green ribbon ties at the fore edges. Spines gold-tooled with small ornaments. Bookplate 2. 19th-century shelfmarks: F.1.18-22.

Provenance: from the Aldrich bequest, listed in Dowding at position M.2.6 as 'Latin Songs MS. / By W. Bird, Robt. Parsons, Shepperde & Taverner for 5 & 6 voices'. No mention is made of the number of partbooks, and it is unknown whether or not the Tenor partbook was already missing at this stage. Aldrich may have acquired this set together with Robert Dow's partbooks (Mus. 984-8), which are also of Windsor provenance.

Microfilm: manuscript music, reels 31-2.

Select bibliography:

  • Roger Bray, 'The Part-Books Oxford, Christ Church MSS. 979-83: an Index and Commentary', Musica Disciplina, 25 (1971), 179-97. Find in a Library
  • Iain Fenlon and John Milsom, '"Ruled Paper Imprinted": Music Paper and Patents in Sixteenth-Century England', Journal of the American Musicological Society, 37 (1984), 139-63. Find in a Library
  • David Mateer, 'John Baldwin and Changing Concepts of Text Underlay', in English Choral Practice, 1400-1650, ed. John Morehen (Cambridge, 1995), 143-60. Find in a Library