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Mus. 1236

Manuscript. Keyboard book containing works of English and French origin, copied in Oxford by William Ellis, probably in the 1650s and early 1660s. For general information about Ellis and his musical circle, see Bellingham (in Bibliography below); for specific information about Ellis's copying activities and his scribal characteristics, see Robert Thompson, 'A Further Look at the Consort Music Manuscripts in Archbishop Marsh's Library, Dublin', Chelys, 24 (1995), pp. 3-18 (at pp. 10-11, where Ellis is to be equated with Copyist 'Q'). For information about repertorial layers in Mus. 1236, see the studies by Bailey (in Bibliography). Ellis was also responsible for copying parts of Mus. 468-72.

An outline inventory of Mus. 1236, with information about concordances for works of French origin, is available in Bruce Gustafson, French Harpsichord Music of the 17th Century: a Thematic Catalog of the Sources with Commentary (Ann Arbor, 1979), vol. 2, pp. 123-32. A more recent inventory of Mus. 1236, with a more comprehensive list of references to modern editions of the pieces contained in Mus. 1236 (or their cognates), is included in Virginia Brookes, British Keyboard Music to c.1660 (Oxford, 1996); this latter book's thematic index is cited in the inventory below as 'Brookes'. See also the following:

  • For pieces attributed to La Barre (items 1, 7, 9-10, 32-5 and 48), see Harpsichord Music Associated with the Name La Barre, ed. Bruce Gustafson and R. Peter Wolf, The Art of the Keyboard, 4 (New York, 1999).
  • For pieces attributed to John Roberts (items 23-4), see John Roberts: The Collected Works, ed. Candace Bailey, The Art of the Keyboard, 8 (New York, 2003).
The contents of Mus. 1236 were entered at both ends of the volume. In the layer copied at what is now designated as the front (items 1-49), Ellis himself began a pagination system in ink, but abandoned it at p. 33. The remainder of this 'front' layer was subsequently foliated in modern pencil, beginning with 'f. 33' (= Ellis's 'p. 33'). The layer at the reverse end (items 50-89), which is copied with the volume inverted, has its own separate foliation system, again in modern pencil. Because the standard microfilm of Mus. 1236 shows all these numberings, they are retained in the inventory below; the 'front' end is catalogued first, using Ellis's pagination for 'pp. 1-32' and modern foliation starting at 'f. 33r'; for contents copied at the 'rear', the prefix 'R' has been added to the foliation system. Other catalogues, including RISM, have rejected the pagination/foliation system written into Mus. 1236 itself, and instead refer to its 122 constituent leaves as 'ff. 1-122'; for details of the collation of the leaves, see below.

Table of titles and composers as shown in the manuscript. Display in modern form.

1 Jonas Tresure [correctly La Barre, after Orlando Gibbons?] [Courant with variation; La Barre ed. no. 6b; lacks opening] p. 3
2 Jonas Tresure Courant [Brookes 2321] p. 4
3 Jonas Tresure Courant. variola [Brookes 2324] p. 5
4 Mr Sambonier [= Chambonnières] Corant [Brookes 1486] p. 6
5 Jo: Tresure Ayre [Brookes 2311] p. 7
6 J. Tresure Corant [Brookes 2322] p. 8
7 [La Barre?] Sarabrand [La Barre ed. no. 12a] pp. 8 - 9
8   The forrest [Brookes 559] p. 9
9 Labar Corant [with variation; La Barre ed. no. 6a] p. 10
10 [La Barre] Courant [with variation; La Barre ed. no. 14] pp. 11 - 12
11   Almaine [Brookes 342] p. 12
12   The Nightingale [Brookes 816] p. 13
13 [Albertus] Bryan Toletole [Brookes 1159] p. 14
14   A coranto [Brookes 295] p. 14
15 Mr [Henry] Loosemore Courant [Brookes 1915] p. 15
16 [Jean Mercure] An Almaine [Brookes 1951] pp. 16 - 17
17 [Jean Mercure] Corant [Brookes 1956] p. 18
18 [Jean Mercure] Sarabrand [Brookes 1960] p. 19
19 [Jean Mercure] Almaine [Brookes 1952] pp. 20 - 21
20 [Jean Mercure] Corant [Brookes 1957] p. 22
21 [Jean Mercure] Sarabrand [Brookes 1961] pp. 22 - 23
22   An Ayre [Brookes 301] p. 24
23 Mr [John] Roberts (i) [Courant; Bailey ed. no. 15] p. 25
24 Mr [John] Roberts (i) Coranto [Bailey ed. no. 12a] pp. 26 - 27
25   [Masque; Brookes 755] pp. 28 - 29
26 Noue [= Stephen Nau] Corant [Brookes 1985] p. 30
27 Mark Coleman Corant [Brookes 1503] p. 31
28   Almonde [Brookes 343] p. 32
29 John fferabosco Almond [Brookes 1678] f. 33r
30 Jo[hn] ffer[abosco] Corant [Brookes 1679] f. 33v
31 John fferabosco Sarabrand [Brookes 1680] f. 34r
32 [La Barre] Corant [La Barre ed. no. 3c] f. 34v
33 [La Barre?] Corant [La Barre ed. no. 13] f. 35r
34 [La Barre] Corant [[La Barre ed. no. 1] f. 35v
35 [La Barre] Sarabrand [La Barre ed. no. 2a] f. 36r
36 Mr Ben: Rogers Corant [Brookes 2151] f. 36v
37 W[illia]m Ellis Almaine [Brookes 1592] f. 37r
38 Mr Ben Rogers, London Corant/La sedois [Brookes 2153] ff. 38v - 39r
39 Mr Ben Roger[s], London Saraband [Brookes 2157] f. 39r
40 Ben Rogers of London [Alman; Brookes 2145] ff. 39v - 40r
41 B[enjamin] Rogers Lon[don] Corant [Brookes 2152] ff. 40v - 41r
42 B[enjamin] Rog[ers] Lon[don] Sarabrand [Brookes 2158] f. 41r
43 Ben Rogers Lon[don] Gigue [Brookes 2155] ff. 41v - 42r
44 [François] Dufault Corant [Brookes 1583] ff. 42v - 43r
45 [Jean] Mercure Almaine [Brookes 1948] ff. 43v - 44r
46 [Jean] Mercure Corant [Brookes 1953] ff. 44v - 45r
47 [Jean] Mercure Sarabrand [Brookes 1958a] ff. 45r - 46r
48 Mr [La] Barr Corant [La Barre ed. no. 11a] f. 46r
49 Ben Rogers, London Ayre [Brookes 2148] ff. 50v - 51r
50 W[illiam] Ellis Almayne [Brookes 1589] f. R1r
51 W[illiam] Ellis Sarabrand [Brookes 1601] f. R1r
52 Will[ia]m Ellis The Royallist [Brookes 1600] f. R1v
53   Magdana cree [= 'Mad Tom of Bedlam'; Brookes 714] f. R1v
54   Midsomer [Brookes 782] f. R2r
55   The parson of the Parrish [Brookes 842] f. R2r
56   [Air; Brookes 267] f. R2v
57   Pembrook Colledge [Brookes 864] f. R3r
58   The Capp of Maintainance [Brookes 405] f. R3v
59   A sarabrand [Brookes 978] ff. R3v - R4r
60   The Old man [Brookes 827] f. R4r
61   A Pretty fancy [Brookes 545] f. R4v
62   Picalominas March [Brookes 868] f. R4v - R5r
63 [Thomas Holmes] Corant [Brookes 1797] f. R5v
64   A hedge or a Haycock [Brookes 627] f. R6r
65   A health in Canary [Brookes 626] f. R6r
66   A lute lesson [Brookes 713] f. R6v
67   Corant [Brookes 461] f. R7r
68 [Thomas Warwick] A mask [Brookes 2335] f. R7v
69   A mayds delight [Brookes 736] f. R8r
70 W[illiam] Ellis Almaine [Brookes 1590] f. R8v
71   [incomplete copy of no. 14 above] f. R9r
72 W[illiam] Ellis Corant [Brookes 1595] f. R9v
73 W[illia]m Ellis Corant [Brookes 1596] f. R10r
74 W[illia]m Ellis Almaine [Brookes 1591] ff. R10v - R11r
75 Will[iam] Ellis Corant [Brookes 1597] f. R11v
76 set to the virginall by W[illiam] Ellis Bow Bells [Brookes 1594] ff. R12v - R13r
77 W[illiam] Ellis Almond, Mariae [Brookes 1593] ff. R13v - R14r
78 W[illiam] Ellis Corant [Brookes 1598] f. R14r
79 Rob[ert] Price Fain I would [Brookes 2050] f. R15r
80   The kings march [Brookes 689] f. R15r
81 [Etienne Moulinié] set by Will[iam] Ellis Moulinies sarabrand [Brookes 1602] ff. R15v - R16r
82   Vulcan & Venus [Brookes 1068] f. R16v
83 [William Lawes] The Golden grove [Air, VdGS 361] f. R17r
84 [William Lawes] The Corant to the Golden Grove [VdGS 363] ff. R17v - R18r
85 [Etienne Moulinié, set by William Ellis] Molnis Corant [Brookes 1599] f. R18r
86   Thomas you cannot [Brookes 1015] f. R18v
87 [William Lawes] Sarabrand [VdGS 264] f. R18v
88   The Irish Hay [Brookes 658] f. R19r
89   An Irish Jigg [Brookes 677] f. R19r

Oblong format, 230 x 175 mm. Originally 144 leaves (18 quires each of 8 leaves), of which 122 remain in place. The collation below gives the following information: quire and current pagination or foliation / actual foliation (as used by RISM).

  • Originally A8, of which A1-3 have been excised; A4-7 = 'pp. 3-12' / actual ff. 1-5.
  • B8 = 'pp. 13-28' / actual ff. 6-13.
  • C8; C1-2 = 'pp. 29-32'; C3-8 = 'ff. 33-8' / actual ff. 14-21.
  • Originally D8, of which D2 has been excised; D1,3-8 = 'ff. 39-45' / actual ff. 22-8.
  • E8 = 'ff. 46-53' / actual ff. 29-36.
  • F8 = 'f. 54', then unfoliated / actual ff. 37-44.
  • G8 = unfoliated / actual ff. 45-52.
  • H8 = unfoliated / actual ff. 53-60.
  • I8 = unfoliated / actual ff. 61-8.
  • J8 = unfoliated / actual ff. 69-76.
  • K8 = unfoliated / actual ff. 77-84.
  • L8 = unfoliated / actual ff. 85-92.
  • M8 = unfoliated / actual ff. 93-100.
  • N8 = all excised.
  • O8, of which O2 has been excised; O1,3 are unfoliated; O4-8 = ff. R20-16 / actual ff. 101-7.
  • P8, of which P5 has been excised; P1-4,6-8 = ff. R15-9 / actual ff. 108-14.
  • Q8 = ff. R8-1 / actual ff. 115-22.
Unused ruled staves on ff. 37v-38r, 46v-50r, 51v-54v, R12r, R14v, R19v-20v, and all the unfoliated leaves in quires F-O. Mid 17th-century binding of brown leather over boards; upper and lower covers gold-tooled with fillets enclosing a central ornament, with smaller ornaments at the corners; edges stippled in red. Bookplate: Wake (on inside rear cover).

Provenance: from the library of Archbishop William Wake (1657-1737), which was donated to Christ Church at his death. Wake also owned Mus. 1113, another keyboard book associated with William Ellis. When and where Wake obtained these two manuscripts is unrecorded; nor is it known if Wake himself was a keyboard player; but the fact that he was resident in Oxford in 1673-82, during which period William Ellis died, may point to his having acquired the books at that time.

Microfilm: manuscript music, reel 45.

Select bibliography:

  • Bruce Bellingham, 'The Musical Circle of Anthony Wood in Oxford During the Commonwealth and Restoration', Journal of the Viola da gamba Society of America, 19 (1982), pp. 6-70. Find in a Library
  • Candace Bailey, 'William Ellis and the Transmission of Continental Keyboard Music in Restoration England, Journal of Musicological Research, 20 (2001), pp. 211-42. Find in a Library
  • Candace Bailey, Seventeenth-Century British Keyboard Sources (Warren, MI, 2003), 108-16. Find in a Library