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Mus. 1220-4

Manuscript. Five partbooks from a set originally of eight, containing English services and anthems; copied for the choir of Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford, initially in the mid 1640s, with further pieces added during the later 17th and the 18th centuries. The five surviving books are: Mus. 1220: Contratenor Decani; Mus. 1221 and 1222: Tenor Decani and Cantoris; Mus. 1223 and 1224: Bass Decani and Cantoris; the two Trebles and the Contratenor Cantoris are missing. No matching organ-book survives, but accompaniments for some of the pieces can be found in Mus. 438 (which was copied by Edward Lowe apparently for his own use), Mus. 1230 (copied for Christ Church Cathedral by Richard Goodson Sr) and Mus. 1229 (first layer; copied for Christ Church Cathedral by Richard Goodson Jr). For a full list of surviving music-books from Christ Church Cathedral from the Restoration to the early 19th century, follow this link.

The earliest layer of the partbooks was copied by a professional scribe, Zacharie Irishe, whose identity has been established by Dexter (see Bibliography below). Irishe's work dates from c. 1643-4, and was apparently done with Christ Church Cathedral expressly in mind. Pages left blank for the addition of further repertory were then gradually filled by other scribes from the 1660s onwards. The copyists of these later works were either organists or singing-men at Christ Church Cathedral; payments for their labours can be found in the disbursement books in the archives at Christ Church. (Research into these later copyists has been conducted largely by Robert Thompson, and is summarized in his unpublished conference paper of 1994; see Bibliography.) The partbooks continued to be used at Christ Church Cathedral through the 18th century and into the 19th century.

In the inventory below, the following numbering scheme isolates the various chronological layers of repertory:

  • Items 1-68: the original layer copied by Zacharie Irishe in c. 1643-4. It falls into three sections: (a) services (items 1-28); (b) verse anthems (29-53); and (c) full anthems (54-68). Follow this link for a sample image of music copied by Zacharie Irishe (= Mus. 1223, p. 90: William Byrd's Second Service; item 16 in the inventory below).
  • Items 101-127: anthems copied by Edward Lowe probably in the 1660s. Item 121 is attributed to 'Mr Christopher Gibbons', and was therefore presumably copied before 1664, the year in which Gibbons was awarded his Oxford D. Mus. In addition to this layer of copying, Lowe also emended item 7, replacing pages that had originally been copied by Irishe and were now damaged. (Follow this link for a list of the many other music manuscripts at Christ Church copied by Edward Lowe.)
  • Items 201-294: works copied by other scribes during the Aldrich era (i.e. from the late 17th century to c. 1710). For a detailed list of these scribes and their contributions, see below.
  • Items 301-348: works copied from c. 1710 onwards. For comments on identified scribes and their contributions, see below. Page-references preceded by an asterisk (*1-*8) refer to 18th-century leaves that are now pasted at the fronts of the partbooks.
Irishe's layer excepted, the contents of Mus. 1220-4 are not copied in a uniform order across the five partbooks. Evidently Lowe and his successors entered pieces randomly on whatever pages came to hand, and relied on indexes to alert singers to the location of specific pieces. For further information about the indexes, and about order in which pieces are copied into individual partbooks, see the section on 'Physical descriptions' below.

Copyists working during the Aldrich era (i.e. from the late 17th century to c. 1710) are as follows. (See the Bibliography below for full citations of Shaw 1991, Thompson 1994, and Shay & Thompson 2000.)

  • Items 201-6 were added by William Husbands, who was paid for copying in 1687-8 (according to Thompson 1994). William Husbands was a chorister at Christ Church in 1673-82, and remained there as an organist and singing-man until 1692; see Shaw 1991, p. 211, and Shay & Thompson 2000, p. 310. For a list of other music manuscripts at Christ Church copied or partly copied by William Husbands, see the entry for Mus. 10.
  • Items 211-13 were added by Francis Withy, who was paid for copying in 1686-90 (according to Thompson 1994). Withy was a singing-man at Christ Church from 1670 until his death in 1727; see New Grove Online, and the bibliography cited there. For a list of other music manuscripts at Christ Church copied by Withy, see the entry for Mus. 337.
  • Item 221 was added by Henry Aldrich. This is one of the many music manuscripts at Christ Church copied by Aldrich.
  • Items 231-2 were added by Charles Husbands Jr, who was paid for copying in 1691 (according to Thompson 1994). Charles Husbands, younger brother of William Husbands, was a chorister at Christ Church in 1677-84, and from 1688 was an organist and singing-man at Christ Church; he appears to have died in 1692, aged 21; see Shay & Thompson 2000, pp. 309-10. For a list of other music manuscripts at Christ Church copied by Charles Husbands Jr, see the entry for Mus. 11.
  • Item 241 was added by Edward Hull, who was paid for copying in 1692 (according to Thompson 1994). Hull was a singing-man at Christ Church in 1690-2; see Shay & Thompson 2000, p. 309. For a list of other music manuscripts at Christ Church copied by Hull, see the entry for Mus. 39.
  • Item 251 was added by Richard Goodson Sr. For information about Goodson's various associations with Christ Church Cathedral during his life, see Shaw 1991, p. 211, and New Grove Online. To judge from the proximity of item 251 to other datable pieces copied into Mus. 1220-4, Goodson probably added it c. 1692, soon after his return to Christ Church following his years as organist of New College. This is one of the many music manuscripts at Christ Church copied by Richard Goodson Sr.
  • Items 261-3 were added by Francis Smith, who was paid for copying in 1693-6 (according to Thompson 1994). Smith was a chorister at Christ Church in 1681-90, and remained there as a singing-man until his death in 1698; see Shay & Thompson 2000, p. 313. For a list of other music manuscripts at Christ Church copied by Smith, see the entry for Mus. 53.
  • Items 271-80 were added by William Saunders, who was paid for copying in 1707-15 (according to Thompson 1994). Saunders was a singing-man at Christ Church from 1694 until his death in 1729; see Shay & Thompson 2000, p. 313. For comments on the order in which Saunders copied his contributions to the partbooks, see the section on 'Indexes' below.
  • Items 291-6 were added by unidentified copyists (one for each piece), all apparently working in the period up to c. 1710.
Other identified copyists, working after the Aldrich era (i.e. from c. 1710 onwards) are as follows. See the Bibliography below for a full citation of Thompson 1994.
  • Items 301-321 were copied by Hewis Kelway and/or Thomas Hudson in the 1720s and 1730s. Both men were singers at Christ Church, and were paid for undertaking music-copying (according to Thompson 1994). In Thompson's opinion, items 301-3 were copied by Kelway in his "calligraphic hand" (see), and items 304-305 in his informal hand; but it is possible that items 304-5 were in fact copied by Hudson. Items 311-13 and probably 314 are more firmly attributable to Hudson. Item 321 was either copied collaboratively by the two men, or by Hudson alone with a change of style between pp. 303 and 306 (pp. 304-5 are pasted together). For other music copied by Kelway, see Mus. 1246, item 74.
  • Items 341-348: various unidentified copyists, often in informal hands, and sometimes in pencil. In the inventory below, these additions are listed in partbook order (starting with Mus. 1220); no attempt has been made to indicate their possible chronology. They all appear to date from the later 18th century.

Comments on individual items:

  • Items 1-3: incomplete because of missing pages in Mus. 1220 and 1224.
  • Item 7: in Mus. 1220 (pp. 25-6) and 1224 (pp. 20-2), Edward Lowe has recopied the music, presumably as a replacement for Irishe's damaged original. In Mus. 1220-23, a copy of the (spurious) Sanctus has been written on slips of paper by an unidentified 18th-century hand and pasted into the partbooks.
  • Item 12: the Kyrie is designated as being by 'Mr Childe' in Mus. 1220 (p. 63) and Mus. 1223 (p. 57).
  • Item 13: the opening of the Te deum is missing from Mus. 1220, owing to the loss of pp. 69-72.
  • Item 22: the opening is defective in Mus. 1221, owing to the loss of the lower half of the leaf bearing pp. 115-16.
  • Item 31: in Mus. 1220, a slip containing an alternative setting of the verse 'Thy children like an olive branches' is inserted between pp. 240 and 241; it dates probably from the early 18th century. The slip has been cut from an unused page of the partbooks.
  • Item 39: see also item 294 below.
  • Item 53: in Mus. 1222, Irishe erroneously copied the text-underlay for the wrong voice-part on p. 245a; the correct part is written in full on pp. 246-7.
  • Items 61 and the start of 62: missing from Mus. 1220 owing to the loss of pp. 325-6.
  • Items 101 and 107-8: missing from Mus. 1221 because of the loss of pp. 161-2 and 167-70.
  • Items 103 and 108: incomplete in Mus. 1220, owing to the loss of the lower halves of the leaves bearing pp. 171-2 and 177-8 respectively.
  • Items 110-111: missing from Mus. 1220 because of the loss of pp. 179-80, and from Mus. 1223 because of the loss of pp. 167-8; items 110-3: missing from Mus. 1221 because of the loss of pp. 173-6.
  • Item 114: Lowe copied the Bass part of this anthem complete in Mus. 1224, but abandoned the Tenor in Mus. 1222 after five staves, and appears never to have begun the other parts.
  • Item 206: copied collaboratively by William Husbands (Mus. 1221, 1223) and an unidentified assistant. Incomplete in Mus. 1220 owing to the loss of the lower half of p. 214.
  • Item 213: incomplete in Mus. 1220, owing to the loss of pp. 199-204.
  • Item 221: Aldrich's Service in F survives in various states at Christ Church. For drafts and early copies of individual movements, see Mus. 47 (nos. 42-3) and Mus. 1188-9 (ff. 20-27); for an autograph score of the work, see Mus. 19, no. 3.
  • Item 294: apparently a supplement to item 39 above.
  • Item 295: the passage copied here has been transposed down an octave from its normal position.
  • Item 301: in Mus. 1223, Kelway copied only the opening words, without music.
  • Item 313: in Mus. 1222, 1223 and 1224, Hudson copied only the words; in Mus. 1223 and 1224, the music has been added in pencil by a later hand. An organ score for this work was copied by Richard Goodson Jr in Mus. 1229, item 7.
  • Item 331: this is an early 18th-century supplement to the partbooks, copied on sheets of smaller dimensions and inserted at the fronts of the volumes. The copyist has used an independent pagination system, which in the inventory below is indicated by asterisks. In Mus. 1220, the first leaf of this insert (pp. *1-*2) is missing.
Table of titles and composers in modern form. Display form found in manuscript.
 Mus. 1220Mus. 1221Mus. 1222Mus. 1223Mus. 1224
1 William Child Whole Service in Gam ut: V (only; continues as no. 10 below)   pp. 1-2 pp. 1-2 pp. 1-2  
2 Thomas Tomkins First Service: V (only)   pp. 2-4 pp. 2-4 pp. 2-4  
3 Elway Bevin First Service: V (only; continues as no. 22 below) p. 5 pp. 4-5 pp. 4-5 pp. 4-5  
4 Orlando Gibbons Short Service: T/B/K/C/M/N pp. 9-15 pp. 9-15 pp. 9-16 pp. 9-15 pp. 9-15
5 Orlando Gibbons Second Preces and Psalm for Evensong on Whitsunday (Psalm 145:1-14) pp. 16-19 pp. 16-17 pp. 16-17 pp. 16-17 pp. 16-17
6 Orlando Gibbons First Preces and Psalm, adapted for use at Evensong on Whitsunday (Psalm 145:15-21) pp. 20-21 pp. 18-19 pp. 18-19 pp. 18-19 pp. 17-19
7 Thomas Tallis Short Service: T/B/K/S/C/M/N pp. 22-29 pp. 19-26 pp. 19-26 pp. 19-26 pp. 19-26
8 William Mundy First Service: T/B/K/C/M/N pp. 29-41 pp. 26-37 pp. 26-37 pp. 26-38 pp. 26-37
9 William Child Sharp Service in D: T/J/K/C/M/N pp. 41-50 pp. 38-46 pp. 37-45 pp. 38-46 pp. 37-45
10 William Child Whole Service in Gam ut: Be/J (only; continues as no. 21 below) pp. 50-54 pp. 46-50 pp. 45-49 pp. 47-50 pp. 45-49
11 Orlando Gibbons Second Service: M/N pp. 55-57 pp. 51-53 pp. 50-52 pp. 50-53 pp. 49-51
12 Thomas Morley First Service: T/B/K/C/M/N pp. 57-68 pp. 53-64 pp. 52-62 pp. 53-63 pp. 51-61
13 Adrian Batten Long Service: T/J/K/C/M/N pp. 73-85 pp. 67-80 pp. 65-79 pp. 66-79 pp. 63-76
14 Thomas Morley Second Service: M/N pp. 85-89 pp. 81-83 pp. 79-82 pp. 80-82 pp. 77-79
15 Nathaniel Giles First Service: T/J/C/M/N pp. 89-98 pp. 84-92 pp. 82-89 pp. 82-90 pp. 80-87
16 William Byrd Second Service: M/N pp. 98-101 pp. 92-94 pp. 90-92 pp. 90-92 pp. 87-89
17 William Child Flat Service for verses in C fa ut: M/N pp. 101-103 pp. 95-97 pp. 92-94 pp. 93-94 pp. 90-92
18 Richard Farrant High Service: T/B/K/C/M/N pp. 104-112 pp. 97-106 pp. 94-103 pp. 95-104 pp. 92-101
19 William Mundy Short Service: T/B pp. 113-116 pp. 106-110 pp. 103-107 pp. 104-108 pp. 101-104
20 Edward Gibbons K/C, apparently intended as a continuation of no. 19 above pp. 117-119 pp. 110-112 pp. 107-109 pp. 108-110 pp. 105-107
21 William Child Whole Service in Gam ut: M/N (only; continues as no. 28 below) pp. 120-122 pp. 113-115 pp. 110-112 pp. 111-113 pp. 107-109
22 Elway Bevin First Service: T/B/K/C/M/N pp. 122-132 pp. 115-125 pp. 112-122 pp. 113-123 pp. 109-119
23 William Byrd Short Service: T/B/K/C/M/N pp. 132-142 pp. 125-135 pp. 122-132 pp. 123-133 pp. 119-128
24 Robert Parsons (i) Service of five parts for meanes: T/B/K/C pp. 143-153 pp. 136-146 pp. 132-142 pp. 134-142 pp. 129-137
25 Elway Bevin Evening Service ('Gimell'): M/N pp. 153-157 pp. 146-149 pp. 142-146 pp. 143-147 pp. 138-142
26 Thomas Tallis First Preces, Psalm 119:9-32, and Responses pp. 158-161 pp. 150-153 pp. 146-150 pp. 147-150 pp. 143-147
27 Nathaniel Giles Second Service for verses: M/N pp. 162-165 pp. 154-156 pp. 151-153 pp. 151-153 pp. 147-149
28 William Child Whole Service in Gam ut: K/C/Off = 'Charge them which are rich')/G pp. 166-169 pp. 156-160 pp. 154-157 pp. 153-157 pp. 150-153
29 John Bull Almighty God, who by the leading pp. 237-238 pp. 221-222 p. 217 pp. 221-222 p. 217
30 Thomas Tomkins Thou art my king, O God p. 239 pp. 222-223 p. 218 pp. 222-223 pp. 218-219
31 Orlando Gibbons Blessed are all they pp. 240-241 pp. 223-224 pp. 219-220 pp. 223-224 p. 220
32 Orlando Gibbons Glorious and powerful God pp. 242-243 pp. 225-226 pp. 220-221 pp. 224-226 pp. 221-222
33 William Child Turn thou us, O good Lord pp. 243-244 pp. 226-227 pp. 221-222 p. 227 pp. 222-223
34 Nathaniel Giles Out of the deep [I] pp. 244-245 pp. 227-228 p. 223 p. 228 pp. 223-225
35 Thomas Tomkins O Lord, let me know mine end pp. 245-246 pp. 228-229 p. 224 p. 229 pp. 225-226
36 William Child Lord, who shall dwell [II] p. 247 pp. 229-230 p. 225 pp. 230-231 p. 227
37 Orlando Gibbons Behold, thou hast made my days p. 248 p. 230 p. 226 p. 231 p. 228
38 Thomas Tomkins O pray for the peace of Jerusalem p. 249 p. 231 p. 227 pp. 232-233 p. 229
39 Thomas Tomkins Above the stars p. 250 p. 232 p. 228 pp. 234-235 p. 230
40 John Ward Let God arise pp. 251-252 pp. 233-234 pp. 229-230 pp. 235-237 pp. 231-233
41 Edmund Hooper Hearken, ye nations pp. 252-254 pp. 234-235 pp. 230-231 pp. 238-239 pp. 233-235
42 Thomas Tomkins Blessed be the Lord God of Israel p. 255 p. 236 p. 232 pp. 233-234 p. 235
43 Orlando Gibbons Behold, I bring you glad tidings pp. 256-257 p. 237 pp. 232-233 p. 240 p. 236
44 John Hilton The earth is the Lord's p. 258 pp. 238-239 pp. 234-235 pp. 241-242 pp. 237-238
45 Matthew Jeffreys Praise the Lord, the God of might pp. 259-260 pp. 240-241 pp. 236-237 pp. 243-244 pp. 239-240
46 William Byrd Christ rising again pp. 261-262 pp. 242-243 pp. 237-238 pp. 244-245 pp. 240-241
47 Thomas(?) Wilkinson Hear my prayer, O Lord pp. 262-263 pp. 243-244 p. 240 p. 246 p. 242
48 Orlando Gibbons Sing unto the Lord pp. 263-265 pp. 244-245 p. 239 pp. 247-248 pp. 243-244
49 Orlando Gibbons We praise thee, O Father pp. 265-267 pp. 246-247 pp. 241-242 pp. 249-250 pp. 244-245
50 Thomas Morley Out of the deep [II] pp. 267-268 p. 248 p. 243 pp. 250-251 p. 246
51 Edward Lowe O how amiable pp. 268-269 p. 249 p. 244 pp. 251-252 p. 247
52 Robert Parsons (i) Lord, comfort those pp. 269-270 p. 250 p. 245 pp. 252-253 p. 248
53 Edmund Hooper O God of Gods pp. 271-273 pp. 251-253 pp. 245a-247 pp. 253-255 pp. 249-250
54 William Child Sing we merrily pp. 313-315 pp. 297-298 pp. 285-286 pp. 293-294 pp. 293-294
55 William Child O Lord God, the heathen pp. 315-316 pp. 299-300 pp. 287-288 pp. 295-296 pp. 295-296
56 William Byrd Arise, O Lord, why sleepest thou pp. 317-318 pp. 301-302 pp. 289-290 pp. 297-298 pp. 297-298
57 William Byrd Sing joyfully pp. 318-319 pp. 302-303 pp. 290-291 pp. 298-299 pp. 298-299
58 William Byrd O God, the proud art risen against me pp. 320-321 pp. 304-305 pp. 292-293 pp. 299-300 pp. 300-301
59 Nathaniel Giles O give thanks unto the Lord pp. 321-322 pp. 305-306 pp. 293-294 pp. 301-302 pp. 301-302
60 William Mundy O Lord, I bow the knees pp. 323-324 pp. 307-308 pp. 295-296 pp. 302-304 pp. 303-304
61 William Byrd O Lord, make thy servant Elizabeth (here adapted to read 'our sovereign lord King Charles')   pp. 309-310 pp. 297-298 pp. 304-305 p. 305
62 Thomas Tallis I call and cry (= O sacrum convivium) p. 327 pp. 310-311 pp. 298-299 pp. 305-306 pp. 306-307
63 Robert Parsons (i) Holy Lord God almighty pp. 328-329 pp. 312-313 pp. 300-301 pp. 307-308 pp. 307-308
64 William White O praise God in his holiness [II] pp. 329-331 pp. 313-314 pp. 301-304 pp. 308-309 pp. 309-310
65 Thomas Weelkes O Lord God almighty pp. 331-332 pp. 315-316 pp. 305-306 pp. 310-311 pp. 310-311
66 Edmund Hooper Behold, it is Christ pp. 333-334 pp. 316-317 pp. 306-307 pp. 311-312 p. 312
67 Robert White O how glorious art thou (here adapted to words 'Let thy merciful ears') pp. 334-335 pp. 317-318 p. 308 pp. 312-313 p. 313
68 William Byrd How long shall mine enemies pp. 336-337 pp. 319-320 pp. 309-310 pp. 314-315 pp. 314-315
101 Richard Farrant Hide not thou thy face from us p. 170   p. 158 p. 158 p. 154
102 Richard Farrant Call to remembrance p. 171 p. 163 p. 159 p. 159 p. 155
103 William Mundy O Lord, the maker of all thing p. 172   p. 160 p. 160 p. 156
104 Henry Lawes Zadok the priest p. 173 p. 164 p. 161 p. 161 p. 157
105 Adrian Batten O praise the Lord, all ye heathen [I] p. 174 p. 165 p. 162 p. 162 p. 158
106 William Mundy O Lord, the world's saviour p. 175 p. 166 p. 163 p. 163 p. 159
107 William Child O Lord, grant the king a long life [I] p. 176   p. 164 p. 164 p. 160
108 William Child If the Lord himself p. 177   p. 165 p. 165 p. 161
109 William Tucker O give thanks unto the Lord p. 178 p. 172 p. 166 p. 166 p. 162
110 Adrian Batten Haste thee, O God, to deliver me [I]     p. 167   p. 163
111 Adrian Batten Deliver us, O Lord     p. 168   p. 164
112 William Child Praise the Lord, O my soul [I] p. 181   p. 169 p. 169 p. 165
113 Henry Aldrich Out of the deep p. 182   p. 170 p. 170 p. 166
114 William Cranford O Lord, make thy servant Charles     p. 249   pp. 251-252
115 William Lawes The Lord is my light pp. 284-285 pp. 264-265 p. 262 pp. 256-257 p. 270
116 Henry Lawes My song shall be of mercy and judgement p. 274 pp. 254-255 p. 252 p. 258 p. 256
117 Edward Lowe Turn thy face away p. 275 p. 256 p. 253 p. 259 p. 257
118 Edward Lowe When the Lord turned again p. 276 p. 257 p. 255 pp. 260-261 p. 259
119 James Cobb Let God arise p. 277 pp. 258-259 p. 256 p. 262 p. 261
120 William Child Thou art my king, O God p. 278 p. 259 p. 257 p. 263 p. 262
121 Christopher Gibbons How long wilt thou forget me p. 279 p. 260 p. 257 p. 263 p. 260
122 Edward Lowe If the Lord himself p. 280 p. 261 p. 259 pp. 266-267 pp. 264-265
123 Edward Lowe O clap your hands together p. 281 p. 262 p. 260 pp. 268-269 p. 266
124 William Byrd Hear my prayer, O Lord, and consider p. 282 p. 263 p. 261 p. 269 p. 267
125 Edward Lowe Sing unto God p. 286 p. 266 p. 263 p. 270 pp. 268-269
126 Edward Lowe O give thanks unto the Lord p. 287 p. 267 p. 264 p. 271 p. 271
127 Michael Wise Blessed is he that considereth the poor p. 289 p. 268 p. 265   p. 273
201 'Thomas Tallis' (spurious) All people that on earth do dwell p. 184 p. 179 p. 173 p. 173 p. 168
202 Richard Farrant, arr. Henry Aldrich Hide not thou thy face from us p. 194 p. 190 p. 172 p. 181 p. 173
203 Henry Aldrich (after an unidentified model) By the waters of Babylon pp. 192-193 pp. 188-189 pp. 180-181 pp. 180-181 p. 174
204 Henry Aldrich (after Palestrina) O God the king of glory (= O rex gloriae) pp. 196-197 pp. 192-193 pp. 182-183 pp. 182-183 pp. 176-177
205 William Husbands Come, Holy Ghost, our souls inspire   p. 191 p. 185 p. 185 p. 179
206 Thomas Tallis, adapted by Henry Aldrich Litany p. 214 pp. 212-213 p. 213 pp. 214-215 p. 212
211 Henry Aldrich (after Palestrina) Why art thou so vexed (= Ave Maria) pp. 188-189 pp. 184-185 pp. 176-177 pp. 176-177 pp. 170-171
212 Henry Aldrich (after Tallis) I look for the Lord (based on Absterge Domine) pp. 190-191 pp. 186-187 pp. 178-179 pp. 178-179 pp. 172-173
213 Henry Aldrich (after Byrd) Be not wroth (= Civitas sancti tui) p. 198 pp. 194-195 p. 184 p. 184 p. 178
221 Henry Aldrich Service in F: T/J/K/C/M/N pp. 208-213 pp. 206-211 pp. 206-212 pp. 206-214 pp. 206-211
231 Michael Wise Thy beauty, O Israel, is slain   pp. 196-198 pp. 187-189 p. 186 pp. 181-183
232 Matthew Locke O give thanks unto the Lord   p. 199 p. 189 p. 187 pp. 184-185
241 Henry Aldrich (after Carissimi?) Behold in heaven, on the right hand pp. 290-291 p. 181 pp. 214-215 p. 175 p. 175
251 Henry Aldrich (after an unidentified model) All people that on earth do dwell   p. 200 p. 190 p. 188 p. 186
261 Matthew Locke Lord, let me know mine end pp. 292-293 pp. 272-273 p. 266 pp. 272-277 p. 274
262 Henry Aldrich (after Tallis) I will magnify Thee (based on Absterge Domine) pp. 338-339 pp. 321-322 pp. 311-312 pp. 315-316 pp. 315-316
263 Henry Aldrich (after Tallis) I look for the Lord (based on Absterge Domine) pp. 339-340 pp. 322-323 pp. 312-313 pp. 316-317 pp. 316-317
271 John Blow Sing we merrily unto God our strength pp. 205-206 p. 214 p. 267 p. 189 p. 187
272 John Blow Save me, O God p. 207 p. 215 p. 268 p. 281 p. 213
273 John Blow O God, wherefore art thou absent pp. 216-217 p. 201 pp. 250-251 p. 318 p. 214
274 John Blow My God, my soul is vexed pp. 217-218 p. 277 p. 269 p. 319 p. 215
275 Henry Purcell Be merciful unto me, O God (Z.4) pp. 219-221 pp. 324-327 p. 251 pp. 320-323 p. 253
276 Albertus Bryne Service in G: T/J/M/N pp. 222-225 pp. 279-283 pp. 270-273 pp. 191-195 pp. 189-192
277 Henry Purcell O give thanks unto the Lord (Z.33) pp. 294-297 pp. 274-276 pp. 191-192 pp. 278-280 pp. 275-276
278 Henry Purcell I was glad when they said unto me (Z.19) pp. 341-343 pp. 327-329 p. 314 pp. 323-325 p. 175
279 Henry Purcell I will sing unto the Lord (Z.22) pp. 344-345 pp. 330-331 pp. 315-316 pp. 325-326 pp. 318-319
280 Michael Wise The ways of Sion do mourn p. 345 p. 331 p. 316 pp. 327-328 p. 319
291 Richard Farrant Lord, for thy tender mercy's sake p. 183 p. 177 p. 171 p. 171 p. 167
292 Henry Aldrich Give ear, O Lord pp. 186-187 pp. 180-183 pp. 174-175 p. 174 p. 169
293   Chants for six settings of the Venite p. 362     pp. 331-332 pp. 332-331
294 Thomas Tomkins Above the stars (ending only, beginning 'Come Lord Jesu'; see no. 39 above)         p. 332
295 Christopher Gibbons The Lord said unto my Lord (section beginning 'In the day of thy power') p. 215        
296   Jubilate in ?d minor; opening only   p. 195      
301 William Croft O Lord God of my salvation pp. 226-228 pp. 283-285 pp. 274-276 p. 199  
302 William Croft Thou, O God, art praised   pp. 286-287 pp. 276-279 pp. 198-199 pp. 195-196
303 William Croft Sing unto the Lord, and praise   pp. 287-289 pp. 280-281 pp. 196-197 pp. 193-194
304 Charles Stroud Hear my prayer, O Lord p. 231 - '8' pp. 202-205 pp. 193-196 pp. 217-219 pp. 277-279
305 Anthony Walkeley Whole Service in F: T/J/S/K/C/M/N pp. 346-359 pp. 289-296 p. 317 - '284' pp. 283-291 pp. 320-329
311 John Bishop O be joyful in God, all ye lands pp. 287-288 pp. 217-218 pp. 196-197   pp. 280-281
312 John Bishop Call to remembrance, O Lord p. 185 pp. 218-219 pp. 198-199   pp. 281-282
313   Come, Holy Ghost, our souls inspire pp. 297-298   pp. 215-216 pp. 291-292 pp. 330-331
314 Henry Purcell They that go down to the sea in ships (Z.57)     p. 254   pp. 197-202
321 Nathaniel Priest Service in F: T/J/M/N pp. 299-312        
331 Charles King Service in B flat: T/J/C/D *3 - *8 *1 - *8 *1 - *6 *1 - *7 *1 - *6
341   Come, Holy Ghost, our souls inspire (variant of no. 313 above) p. 361        
342   Single chant, in pencil score   *8      
343 William Hayes (i) Arise, ye people (section only; two untexted voice-parts)   p. 332      
344   Single chant, in pencil score       p. 195  
345   Unidentified sketch for bass voice and continuo, untexted and incomplete       p. 202  
346   Single chant, in pencil score     p. 245b    
347   Single chant, in pencil score         p. 180
348   Double chant, in pencil score         p. 213
349   Hear my prayer (draft of a three-voice opening section, in pencil score)         p. 284

Physical descriptions:

MUS. 1220 (CONTRATENOR DECANI)

Upright format, 385 x 250 mm. 20th-century binding of blind-tooled brown leather over boards; no trace remains of any earlier binding.
Structure: there are four layers, as follows:
LAYER 1: originally four leaves of smaller paper (c. 330 x 200 mm), mounted on guards, of which the first leaf is now missing; the remaining three are paginated '3-8' in 18th-century ink (and in the inventory above are designated as *3-*8). Contains item 331.
LAYER 2: the principal textblock. Originally a maximum of 178 leaves, paginated by Irishe. The following gaps occur in the pagination sequence: pp. 1-4, 7-8, 69-72, 137-8, 179-80, 199-204, 229-30, 235-6, 309-10, and 325-6; these gaps arise partly from the loss or removal of leaves, partly from apparent pagination errors. Three leaves are now defective, lacking their lower portions: pp. 171-2, 177-8, and 213-14. Pages 304-5 are pasted together. At the end of the textblock the pagination sequence becomes irregular, as follows: pp. 1-350, 356-9, 361-2; no leaves are obviously missing from this section. Unused staves on pp. 6, 195 and 283.
LAYER 3: two unfoliated leaves, used for indexes of anthems. For further details of the contents of these pages, see the section on 'Indexes' below.
LAYER 4: (a) 17th or 18th-century fragment (c. 150 x 185 mm) with words for a 'Recitativo' and 'Aria', beginning 'Go Happy Fav'rite Song'; (b) bifolio annotated by Havergal, referring to the copy of the 1519 Sarum Antiphonale now at shelfmark Arch. Inf. Subt.K.1.
The musical contents of Mus. 1220 are copied in the following order:
pp. *3-*8: item 331 (unidentified copyist); pp. *1-*2 are missing.
(pp. 1-4 are missing.)
pp. 5-169: items 3-28 (Irishe); pp. 7-8, 69-72 and 137-8 are missing.
pp. 170-82: items 101-113 (Lowe); pp. 179-80 are missing.
p. 183: item 291 (unidentified copyist).
p. 184: item 201 (W. Husbands).
p. 185: item 312 (Hudson).
pp. 186-7: item 292 (unidentified copyist).
pp. 188-91: items 211-12 (Withy).
pp. 192-7: items 203, 202, 204 (W. Husbands).
p. 198: item 213 (Withy).
(pp. 199-204 are missing.)
pp. 205-7: items 271-2 (Saunders).
pp. 208-13: item 221 (Aldrich).
pp. 214-15: items 206 and 295 (unidentified copyists).
pp. 216-25: items 273-6 (Saunders).
pp. 226-'8' (= p. 234): items 301, 304 (Kelway and Hudson); pp. 229-30 are either missing or never existed.
(pp. 235-6 are either missing or never existed.)
pp. 237-73: items 29-53 (Irishe).
pp. 274-87: items 116-24, 115, 125 (Lowe).
pp. 287-8: item 311 (Hudson).
p. 289: item 127 (Lowe).
pp. 290-1: item 241 (Hull).
pp. 292-3 : item 261 (Smith).
pp. 294-7: item 277 (Saunders).
pp. 297-312: items 313, 321 (Hudson and Kelway); pp. 309-10 are either missing or never existed.
pp. 313-37: items 54-68 (Irishe); pp. 325-6 are missing.
pp. 338-40: items 262-3 (Smith).
pp. 341-5: items 278-80 (Saunders).
pp. 346-59: item 305 (Kelway).
(p. 360: this number is omitted from the pagination sequence.)
p. 361: item 341 (unidentified copyist).
p. 362: item 293 (unidentified copyist).

MUS. 1221 (TENOR DECANI)

Upright format, 385 x 250 mm. 20th-century binding of blind-tooled brown leather over boards; no trace remains of any earlier binding.
Structure: there are four layers, as follows:
LAYER 1: two unfoliated leaves, used for indexes of services. For further details of the contents of these pages, see the section on 'Indexes' below. These two leaves now enclose Layer 2.
LAYER 2: four leaves of smaller paper (c. 330 x 200 mm), mounted on a guard; paginated '1-8' in 18th-century ink (and in the inventory above, designated as *1-*8). Contains item 331.
LAYER 3: the principal textblock. Originally a maximum of 166 leaves, paginated by Irishe. The following gaps occur in the pagination sequence: pp. 161-2, 167-70, 173-6 and 269-70; these gaps arise partly from the loss or removal of leaves, partly from apparent pagination errors. One leaf is now defective, lacking its lower portion: pp. 115-16. Unused staves on pp. 6-8, 65-6, 171, 178, 216, 220, 271 and 278.
LAYER 4: two unfoliated leaves, used for indexes of anthems. For further details of the contents of these pages, see the section on 'Indexes' below.
The musical contents of Mus. 1221 are copied in the following order:
pp. *1-*8: item 331 (unidentified copyist).
p. *8: item 342 (unidentified copyist).
pp. 1-160: items 1-28 (Irishe).
(pp. 161-2 are missing.)
pp. 163-172: items 102, 104-6, 109 (Lowe); pp.167-70 are missing.
(pp. 173-6 are either missing or never existed.)
p. 177: item 291 (unidentified copyist).
(p. 178 is unused.)
p. 179: item 201 (W. Husbands).
p. 180: item 292 (unidentified copyist), abandoned first copy.
p. 181: item 241 (Hull).
pp. 182-3: item 292 (unidentified copyist), complete copy.
pp. 184-7: items 211-12 (Withy).
pp. 188-93: items 203, 202, 205, 204 (W. Husbands).
pp. 194-5: item 213 (Withy).
p. 195: item 296 (unidentified copyist).
pp. 196-99: items 231-2 (C. Husbands).
p. 200: item 251 (Goodson Sr).
pp. 201: item 273 (Saunders).
pp. 202-5: item 304 (Kelway or Hudson).
pp. 206-11: item 221 (Aldrich).
pp. 212-13: item 206 (W. Husbands).
pp. 214-15: items 271-2 (Saunders).
(p. 216 is unused.)
pp. 217-19: items 311-12 (Hudson).
(p. 220 is unused.)
pp. 221-53: items 29-53 (Irishe).
pp. 254-68: items 116-24, 115, 125-7 (Lowe).
(pp. 269-70 are either missing or never existed; p. 271 is unused.)
pp. 272-3: item 261 (Smith).
pp. 274-83: items 277, 274, 276 (Saunders); p. 278 is unused.
pp. 283-96: items 301-3, 305 (Kelway and Hudson).
pp. 297-320: items 54-68 (Irishe).
pp. 321-3: items 262-3 (Smith).
pp. 324-31: items 275, 278-80 (Saunders).
p. 332: item 343 (unidentified copyist).

MUS. 1222 (TENOR CANTORIS)

Upright format, 385 x 250 mm. 20th-century binding of blind-tooled brown leather over boards; no trace remains of any earlier binding.
Structure: there are four layers, as follows:
LAYER 1: two unfoliated leaves, used for indexes of services. For further details of the contents of these pages, see the section on 'Indexes' below.
LAYER 2: three leaves of smaller paper (c. 330 x 200 mm), mounted on guards; paginated '1-6' in 18th-century ink (and in the inventory above, designated as *1-*6). Contains item 331.
LAYER 3: the principal textblock. Originally a maximum of 162 leaves, paginated by Irishe (with minor additions made in pencil in October 2007); the numbering sequence runs as follows: 1-245, 245a-b, 246-324, 283-4. (The sheet paginated as '283-4' was evidently moved to the rear of the textblock in order to accommodate the end of item 305.) The following gaps occur in the pagination sequence: pp. 201-4, 277-8 and 302-3; these gaps arise partly from the loss or removal of leaves, partly from apparent pagination errors. Unused staves on pp. 6-8, 63-4, 200, 205, 245b, 248 and 258.
LAYER 4: two unfoliated leaves, used for indexes of anthems. For further details of the contents of these pages, see the section on 'Indexes' below.
The musical contents of Mus. 1222 are copied in the following order:
pp. *1-*6: item 331 (unidentified copyist).
pp. 1-157: items 1-28 (Irishe).
pp. 158-170: items 101-113 (Lowe).
p. 171: item 291 (unidentified copyist).
pp. 172-3: items 202, 201 (W. Husbands).
pp. 174-5: item 292 (unidentified copyist).
pp. 176-9: items 211-12 (Withy).
pp. 180-3: items 203-4 (W. Husbands).
p. 184: item 213 (Withy).
p. 185: item 205 (W. Husbands).
(p. 186 is unused.)
pp. 187-9: items 231-2 (C. Husbands).
p. 190: item 251(Goodson Sr).
pp. 191-2: item 272 (Saunders).
pp. 193-9: items 304, 311-12 (Hudson).
(pp. 200 and 205 are unused, pp. 201-4 are missing.)
pp. 206-12: item 221 (Aldrich).
p. 213: item 206 (W. Husbands' assistant).
pp. 214-15: item 241 (Hull).
pp. 215-16: item 313 (Hudson).
pp. 217-47: items 29-46, 48, 47, 49-53 (Irishe).
(p. 248 is unused.)
p. 249: item 114 (Lowe).
pp. 250-1: items 273, 275 (Saunders).
pp. 252-3: items 116-17 (Lowe).
p. 254: item 314 (Hudson).
pp. 255-65: items 118-24, 115, 125-7 (Lowe).
pp. 266-73: items 261, 271-2, 274, 276 (Saunders); pp. 277-8 were either excised before copying or never existed.
pp. 274-81: items 301-3 (Kelway).
(pp. 282 is unused, pp. 283-4 are either missing or never existed.)
pp. 285-310: items 54-68 (Irishe); the pagination scheme omits pp. 302-3.
pp. 311-16: items 262-3, 278-80 (Saunders).
pp. 317-'284': item 305 (Hudson).

MUS. 1223 (BASSUS DECANI)

Upright format, 387 x 247 mm. Mus. 1223 is the only partbook of the set that retains its 18th-century binding: brown leather over boards, rebacked in the 20th century; upper and lower covers blind-tooled with ornamental panels, enclosing (in gold-tooling) 'LIBER ECCLES. CHRISTI / BASSUS DECANI'. (The upper cover is additionally gold-tooled with the number '3'.) On the inside upper cover, a modern reproduction of Bookplate 2 and an index of contents by Weedon partly obscure an earlier shelfmark 'M LXVII', written in red-brown crayon.
Structure: there are five layers, as follows:
LAYER 1: two adjacent bifolios of smaller paper (330 x 200 mm); the first bifolio is mounted on a guard; the second is pasted by its entire fourth page to the first recto of layer 2. Paginated '1-7' in 18th-century ink (and in the inventory above, designated as *1-*7). Contains item 331.
LAYER 2: three unfoliated leaves, used for indexes of services (on ff. [1v, 2r, 3r]). For further details of the contents of these pages, see the section on 'Indexes' below.
LAYER 3: the principal textblock. Originally 166 leaves, paginated by Irishe. The following gaps occur in the pagination sequence: pp. 167-8 and 273-6; the first of these gaps arises from the loss of a leaf, the second apparently from the excision of two leaves before copying took place. Unused staves on pp. 6-8, 64-5, 172, 190, 200-1, 203-5, 216, 220, 264-5, 282 and 329-30.
LAYER 4: two unfoliated leaves, used for indexes of anthems (on ff. [1r-2r]). For further details of the contents of these pages, see the section on 'Indexes' below.
LAYER 5: a sheet pasted to the rear flyleaf, and jottings on the inside lower cover, both of which seem to refer to Cathedral readings and their readers (choristers?) in the years 1816-21.
The musical contents of Mus. 1223 are copied in the following order:
pp. *1-*7: item 331 (unidentified copyist).
pp. 1-157: items 1-28 (Irishe).
pp. 158-70: items 101-9 and 112-13 (Lowe).
p. 171: item 291 (unidentified copyist).
(p. 172 is unused.)
p. 173: item 201 (W. Husbands).
p. 174: item 292 (unidentified copyist).
p. 175: item 241 (Hull).
pp. 176-9: items 211-12 (Withy).
pp. 180-3: items 203, 202, 204 (W. Husbands).
p. 184: item 213 (Withy).
p. 185: item 205 (W. Husbands).
pp. 186-7: items 231-2 (C. Husbands).
p. 188: item 251 (Goodson Sr).
pp. 189-95: items 271, 276 (Saunders).
p. 195: item 344 (unidentified copyist).
pp. 196-9: items 303-1 (Kelway).
(pp. 200-1 are unused.)
p. 202: item 345 (unidentified copyist).
(pp. 203-5 are unused.)
pp. 206-14: item 221 (Aldrich).
pp. 214-15: item 206 (W. Husbands).
(p. 216 is unused.)
pp. 217-19: item 304 (Hudson).
(p. 220 is unused.)
pp. 221-55: items 29-38, 42, 39-41, 43-53 (Irishe).
pp. 256-72: items 115-26 (Lowe).
pp. 272-7: item 261 (Smith); pp. 273-6 were excised before copying of this item took place.
pp. 278-81: items 277, 272 (Saunders).
(p. 282 is unused.)
pp. 283-92: items 305, 313 (Hudson).
pp. 293-315: items 54-68 (Irishe).
pp. 315-17: items 262-3 (Smith).
pp. 318-28 items 273-5, 278-80 (Saunders).
(pp. 329-30 are unused.)
pp. 332-1: item 293 (unidentified copyist).

MUS. 1224 (BASSUS CANTORIS)

Upright format, 385 x 250 mm. 20th-century binding of blind-tooled brown leather over boards; no trace remains of any earlier binding.
Structure: there are three layers, as follows:
LAYER 1: two unfoliated leaves, used for indexes of services (on ff. [1v-2v]). The lower half of the second leaf is missing, apparently without any loss to the written contents. For further details of the contents of these pages, see the section on 'Indexes' below.
LAYER 2: three leaves (one bifolio, one single leaf) of smaller paper (330 x 200 mm), mounted on guards; paginated '1-6' in 18th-century ink (and in the inventory above, designated as *1-*6). Contains item 331.
LAYER 3: the principal textblock. Originally 166 leaves, paginated by Irishe. Five leaves are now missing, comprising pp. 1-8 and 289-90. Unused ruled staves on pp. 62, 200-201, 203-5, 216, 254-5, 258, 263, 272, 283, 285-8 and 291-2
The musical contents of Mus. 1224 are copied in the following order:
pp. *1-*6: item 331 (unidentified copyist).
(pp. 1-8 are missing.)
pp. 9-153: items 4-28 (Irishe).
pp. 154-66: items 101-13 (Lowe).
p. 167: item 291 (unidentified copyist).
p. 168: item 201 (W. Husbands).
p. 169: item 292 (unidentified copyist).
pp. 170-3: items 211-12 (Withy).
pp. 173-4: items 202-3 (W. Husbands).
p. 175: item 241 (Hull).
p. 175: item 278 (Saunders).
pp. 176-7: item 204 (W. Husbands).
p. 178: item 213 (Withy).
p. 179: item 205 (W. Husbands).
p. 180: item 347 (unidentified copyist).
pp. 181-5: items 231-2 (C. Husbands).
p. 186: item 251 (Goodson Sr).
pp. 187-92: items 271, 276 (Saunders).
pp. 193-6: items 303-2 (Kelway).
pp. 197-202: item 314 (Hudson); unused staves on pp. 200-201.
(pp. 203-5 are unused.)
pp. 206-11: item 221 (Aldrich).
p. 212: item 206 (W. Husbands' assistant).
p. 213: item 272 (Saunders).
p. 213: item 348 (unidentified copyist).
pp. 214-15: items 273-4 (Saunders).
(p. 216 is unused.)
pp. 217-50: items 29-53 (Irishe).
pp. 251-2: item 114 (Lowe).
p. 253: item 275 (Saunders).
(pp. 254-5 are unused.)
pp. 256-73: items 116-18, 121, 119-20, 122-5, 115, 126-7 (Lowe).
p. 274: item 261 (Smith).
pp. 275-6: item 277 (Saunders).
pp. 277-82: items 304, 311-12 (Kelway?/Hudson).
(p. 283 is unused.)
p. 284: item 349 (unidentified copyist).
(pp. 285-8 are unused; pp. 289-90 are excised; pp. 291-2 are unused.)
pp. 293-315: items 54-68 (Irishe).
pp. 315-17: items 262-3 (Smith).
pp. 318-19: items 279-80 (Saunders).
pp. 320-31: items 305, 313 (Hudson)
p. 332: item 294 (unidentified copyist).
pp. 332-1: item 293 (unidentified copyist).

THE INDEXES

An indexing system for the partbooks was established by Irishe; it was subsequently expanded by later copyists. The lists of services are placed at the fronts of the volumes, and distinguish between the following categories: 'Morning services for verses'; 'Morning services for voyces alltogeather [= full]'; 'Eveninge services for verses'; 'Evening sevices for voyces altogeather'; 'Preces and Psalmes'; 'Responces'; and 'Offertorie'. The lists of anthems are at the rears of the volumes, and distinguish between 'Anthems for verses' and 'Full anthems'. (As these lists of anthems were extended by later copyists, they spill over into new pages that mix the two categories, full and verse.) In Mus. 1222-4, all the index pages are intact. In Mus. 1221, the first page of indexes for the services is missing; in Mus. 1220, the indexes of services have been lost altogether.

From Lowe onwards, development of the indexes was largely done by the music-copyists themselves. Edward Lowe, for instance, was diligent in indexing the anthems he copied. Others were more casual; for instance, neither William Husbands nor Charles Husbands consistently indexed their own work, and Richard Goodson's hand does not appear in the lists. William Saunders, conversely, appears to have indexed as he copied, suggesting that his contributions were added in the following order: items 271, 277, 272-6, 278-80.

After c. 1720 the indexes sometimes signal an intention to copy that was never fulfilled. For instance, the index of anthems in Mus. 1223 shows that Hudson planned to copy two anthems on pp. 329-30, but the task was never undertaken. Similarly, the index of services in Mus. 1224 records the intention of adding 'Mr King's morn[ing] and evening Serv[ice] in B mi' on p. 332, despite the fact that p. 332 was already occupied by items 293-4. King's service (item 331) was in fact copied on loose sheets and pasted into the fronts of the partbooks. These anomolies, together with the incomplete state of some items added by Kelway/Hudson, probably reflect a growing awareness of the fact that the partbooks were becoming too full (and perhaps too fragile) for further large-scale expansion.

Provenance: transferred from Christ Church Cathedral in the 20th century.

Microfilm: manuscript music, reels 40-41.

Select bibliography:

  • Watkins Shaw, The Succession of Organists of the Chapel Royal and the Cathedrals of England and Wales from c.1538 (Oxford, 1991). Find in a Library
  • Robert Thompson, 'A Fallacy in Duration? Musical Survival and Revival in Late Seventeenth-Century Oxford', paper read at the Sixth Biennial Conference on Baroque Music, Edinburgh, 10 July 1994.
  • Robert Shay and Robert Thompson, Purcell Manuscripts: The Principal Musical Sources (Cambridge, 2000).
  • Keri Dexter, 'Unmasking "Thomas Tudway": A New Identity for a Seventeenth-Century Windsor Copyist', The Royal Musical Association Research Chronicle, 32 (1999), 89-117.