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Mus. 1034(A)

Manuscript. Quire of keyboard music; copyist unidentified; English, c.1530 or later. The music has been copied on pages printed with three 5-line staves (on which see below); the copyist has added a sixth line to each stave in manuscript, and has ruled a fourth 6-line stave at the foot of each page. The absence of stitch-marks at the gutter implies that this quire did not originally form part of a larger bound volume.

Table of titles and composers as shown in the manuscript. Display in modern form.

1 Q[uo]d Jo. Ambrosse [Fantasia; MB 66 no. 27] ff. 1r-2v
2 Mr Redforde [Tui sunt celi; EECM 10 no. 27, Part 2 only] ff. 3r-v
3 Mr Tallis [Alleluia: Per te Dei genitrix; MB 66 no. 2; lacks opening section] ff. 4r-v

Oblong format, 187 x 140 mm. Collation: A4; foliated in modern ink. All four leaves are now repaired at the gutter with modern paper strips; the quire is stitched into a folder of modern card, and mounted impermanently on cords within an early 20th-century binding of stiff card and vellum (which also encases the unrelated Mus. 1034(B)).

Provenance unknown, but presumably from either the Aldrich or the Goodson bequest. Not recorded in any of the 18th-century Christ Church catalogues, and first mentioned in Havergal Summary, where it is listed among the Portfolios at position I.2.α, item 1: '3 organ voluntaries by Redforde, Tallis, & anon: MS. XVII. cent:'; in Mus. 1034(A) itself, the portfolio reference 'I.2.α' is written in red crayon at the top of f.1r. No early bookplate. Annotations on the front card cover are by York Powell, who probably also added the foliation. Formerly Mus. 1113.

Microfilm: manuscript music, reel 36.

Bibliography:

  • John Caldwell, English Keyboard Music Before the Nineteenth Century (Oxford, 1973). Find in a Library
  • Virginia Brookes, British Keyboard Music to c.1660: Sources and Thematic Index (Oxford, 1996). Find in a Library
  • Tudor Keyboard Music c.1520-1580, ed. John Caldwell, Musica Britannica, 66 (1995). Find in a Library

The printed staves found in this quire are identical to those used in the fragmentary English song-book RISM 1530/6 (titlepage missing; colophon: 'In this boke ar conteynd. XX. songes ...'; London, 1530), which was printed by double impression. Sheets of printed staves may have been issued as a by-product of manufacture. Identical printed staves are also found in London, British Library, Royal Appendix MSS 45-8 (Lady-Masses by Nicholas Ludford, c.1530). All three composers represented in Mus. 1034(A) were active by 1530. The fascicle may therefore date from the 1530s, rather than from the 1560s or 70s (as is sometimes suggested in the literature on this MS).

Bibliography:

  • Iain Fenlon and John Milsom, '"Ruled Paper Imprinted": Music Paper and Patents in Sixteenth-Century England', Journal of the American Musicological Society, 37 (1984), pp. 139-63.
  • John Milsom, 'The Date of Ludford's Lady Masses: a Cautionary Note', Music and Letters, 66 (1985), pp. 367-8.
  • John Milsom, 'Songs and Society in Early Tudor London', Early Music History,16 (1997), pp. 235-93.