Manuscript. Organ-book containing accompaniments for anthems
and services, with miscellaneous small additions; English, c.
1640. The collection may have been partly copied and/or formerly
owned by Robert Pickhaver, who was organist of New College, Oxford,
in 1662-4; see below for further details. A copying date of 'c.
1640' is generally accepted, notwithstanding the fact that item
32 in the inventory below was initially attributed to 'mr giles',
and subsequently changed to 'Dr. Giles' (as would be correct
after 1622, the year in which Nathaniel Giles was awarded his
Oxford D. Mus.).
It is not clear how many scribes contributed to the copying of
Mus. 1001, and no attempt is made below to distinguish between
different hands (or what may be different states of the same
hand). Some pieces appear to have been copied collaboratively,
a second scribe adding material originally omitted by the first
scribe; others may have been expanded in later stints by their
original copyist. A few works have had their opening clefs adjusted,
as instructions for transposition; for details, see Clark (in
Mus. 1001 is copied in two layers, with services (items 1-13)
placed at what is now designated as the front of the volume,
and anthems (items 14-55) at the rear with the volume inverted.
Each layer is preceded by a contemporary index pasted to the
inside cover. Comments on individual items:
Table of titles and composers in modern form. Display form found in manuscript.
- Item 4: the Venite (only) is represented by a monophonic bass
line notated on a single stave; the remaining movements are normal
organ scores occupying two staves.
- Items 6-7: numbered as a single item by the copyist, who seems
to have regarded them as an integral service, notwithstanding
the placement of evening before morning canticles.
- Item 32: an earlier copy of this anthem was concealed when the
two leaves that constitute modern f. 74 were pasted together.
(See the physical description of the manuscript below, gathering
K, for further details.) The concealed early copy also attributes
the piece to 'Mr Giles', not 'Dr Giles'.
- Item 44: this is a later addition on a previously unused page,
and possibly a composing score. Copyist unidentified, probably
early 18th century.
- Item 48: copied with the volume inverted, and presumably incomplete
because of lack of space at the end; item 49 is evidently a replacement
- After item 51: according to the index of anthems in Mus. 1001,
a copy of Orlando Gibbons's 'Behold, thou hast made my days'
was copied here (numbered '36'). Presumably it occupied part
of sigs. G7-8, which are now excised.
- Item 52: this fragment of idiomatic keyboard music is preceded
by the stub of two excised leaves (sigs. G7-8) on which the beginning
of the piece was presumably written. The copy is incomplete at
the end; probably it had to be abandoned because of the absence
of available space on the following page (f. 50r). Apparently
copied by one of the principal scribes of the organ scores, and
possibly a composing score (to judge from emendations made on
The first column gives the modern numbering of the pieces; the second shows numbering used by the copyist(s).
||Short Service (T/B/K/C/M/N)
||Short Service (T/B/K/C/M/N)
||First Service (T/B/K/C/M/N)
||Short Service (V/T/B/C/K/M/N)
||Short Service (V/T/B/M/N/C/K)
||Second Service (M/N)
||First Service (T/B)
||Te deum in five parts
||Second Service (M/N)
||Lord, we beseech thee ('for the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary')
||Short Evening Service (M/N)
||Third Service (M/N)
||Service in d: Te deum (only)
||O thou God almighty
||O Lord, make thy servant Elizabeth
||Teach me thy way, O Lord
||How long shall mine enemies
||O Lord, I bow the knees
||I call and cry (= O sacrum convivium)
||Blessed be thy name, O God (= Mihi autem nimis)
||Call to remembrance
||Discomfit them, O Lord (= Absterge Domine)
||Prevent us, O Lord
||Holy Lord God almighty
||I will magnify thee, O Lord
||O Lord God almighty
||Hide not thou thy face from us
||The Lord bless us
||Arise, O Lord, why sleepest thou
||O God, the proud art risen against me
||O give thanks unto the Lord
||Deliver me from mine enemies, O God
||O praise God in his holiness [II]
||O how glorious art thou
||O Lord, grant the king a long life
||Hosanna to the son of David
||Lift up your heads
||Save me, O God
||Orlando Gibbons or William Byrd
||Out of the deep [II]
||O Lord, the maker of all thing
||O God, whom our offences
||Blessed are all they
||Fugal exposition in C major
||Hear my prayer, O Lord, and consider
||Thou God, that guidest both heaven and earth
||Alack, when I look back
||If ye be risen again (abandoned copy)
||If ye be risen again
||Grant, O holy trinity
||In thee, O Lord, put I my trust
||Fragment of a keyboard work
||Almighty god which hast given
||O God, the king of glory
||Thou art my king, O God
Oblong format, 277 x 210 mm. 85 leaves, foliated in modern pencil.
Collation: originally 12 gatherings each of four nested bifolios
(A-L8), = 96 leaves. Of these, ten leaves have been excised,
and two are pasted together. Collation details:
Contemporary indexes of contents are pasted to the inside upper
and lower covers. Mid seventeenth-century binding of brown leather
over boards; upper and lower covers gold-tooled with an ornamental
centrepiece flanked by the initials 'R P' (? Robert Pickhaver;
see below), and blind-tooled with fillets and small ornaments;
fragments of blue ribbon ties at the fore-edge. Inside upper
cover annotated 'Ric. Goodson / Ex dono Domini Lee' by Richard
Goodson Sr. Bookplate 3. 19th-century shelfmark: G.12.
- A8: A1-2 excised; A3-8 = ff. 1-6.
- B8: B2 excised; B1 and B3-8 = ff. 7-13.
- C8: C3 excised; C1-2 and C4-8 = ff. 14-20.
- D8: intact = ff. 21-8.
- E8: intact = ff. 29-36.
- F8: intact = ff. 37-44.
- G8: G7-8 excised; G1-6 = ff. 45-50.
- H8: H8 is excised; H1-7 = ff. 51-7.
- I8: intact = ff. 58-65.
- J8: intact = ff. 66-73.
- K8: K1-2 pasted together as f. 74 (thus concealing an early copy
of item 32); K7 excised; K3-6 and K8 = ff. 75-9.
- L8: L3 and L8 excised; L1-2 and L4-7 = ff. 80-5.
Provenance: donated to Christ Church as part of the Goodson
bequest. The volume may have been acquired by Richard Goodson
Sr during the decade he spent as organist of New College (1682-92),
although the identity of his donor - 'Domini Lee' - has not been
traced. Robert Pickhaver, who is conjecturally the 'R P' represented
on the book's covers, was organist and informator choristarum
of New College in 1662-4.
- J. Bunker Clark, Transposition in Seventeenth Century English
Organ Accompaniments and the Transposing Organ (Detroit,
1974), pp. 39 ff, 60-1 and 131-4.
- Watkins Shaw, The Succession of Organists of the Chapel Royal
and the Cathedrals of England and Wales from c.1538 (Oxford,
1991), pp. 388-9.